lang="EN" xml:lang="EN"> District Rural Development Agency : Kanniyakumari





Ø  As part of the efforts to meet the housing needs of the rural poor, Indira Awaas yojana was started in May 1985 as a sub-scheme of Jawahar Rozgar Yojana. From 1 January, 1996 it is being implemented as an independent scheme.


Ø  The objective of Indira Awaas Yojana is primarily to help construction of dwelling units and upgradation of existing unserviceable kutcha houses of members of Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribles, freed bonded labourers and also non-SC/ST rural poor below the poverty line by providing them with grant-in aid.


Ø  The target group for houses under Indira Awaas Yojana includes people below poverty line living in rural areas belonging to SCs/STs, freed bonded labourers and non-SC/ST categories. From 1995-96, the IAY benefits have been extended to widows or next-of kin of defence personnel killed in action. Benefits have also been extended to ex-servicemen and retired members of the paramilitary forces as long as they fulfill the normal eligibility conditions of Indira Awaas Yojana. 3 percent of funds are reserved for the benefit of disabled below the poverty line in rural areas.


Salient Features

Ø  Allotment of the house in the name of the female member of the house-hold or in the joint names of husband and wife. A minimum of 60 percent of funds are to be utilised for construction of houses for the SC/ST people. Sanitary latrine and smokeless chulah are integral to an IAY house. Selection of beneficiaries under IAY is done by the Gram Sabha. Selection of construction technology, materials and design is left entirely to the choice of beneficiaries. Upgradation of unserviceable kutcha houses at the rate of Rs. 10,000 per unit has also been introduced from the year 1999-2000. Indira Awaas Yojana is a Centrally sponsored scheme funded on cost-sharing basis between the Government of india and the States in the ratio of 75:25.

Implementing Agency

Ø  The IAY is implemented through District Rural Development Agencies (DRDAs) specially set up in each district of the country for the implementation of Rural Development Programmes or through Zilla Parishads. At the village level, the Gram Sabha is responsible for selection of beneficiaries.


Ø  IAY is a flagship scheme of the Govt.of India, Ministry of Rural Development to Provide houses to the poor in the rural areas.

Ø  The objective of the IAY is primarily to help construction of dwelling units of members of SC/ST, Free bonded labourers, Minorities in the below poverty line category.


Ø  Funding Pattern: IAY is a Centrally sponsored scheme funded on cost – sharing basis between the Government of India and the State Governments in the ratio of 75:25.


Ø  Identification of Beneficiaries: The beneficiaries, restricting to this number, will be selected from the Permanent IAY wait lists prepared on the basis of BPL lists in order of seniority in the list. The Gram Panchayats may draw out the shelterless families from the BPL list strictly in the order of ranking in the list. A separate list of SC/ST families in the order of their ranks may be delivered from the larger IAY list so that the process of allotment of 60% of houses under the scheme is facilitated. (Thus, at any given time, there would be two IAY waitlists for reference, one for SC/ST families and the other for non –SC/ST families.) once the lists are prepared, they need to be approved by the Gram Sabha to be attended by a government servant who would be a nominee of the collector.


Ø  Unit assistance for IAY houses by GOI


Plain areas

Hilly/Difficult areas

Constn.of new house



            This unit cost is share by centre and state as Rs.33750/- and Rs.11250/- respectively.

Ø  District Target :  


No.of houses

Amount (in lakhs)




2011-12 Additional










          Roofing cost – 55,000

          State share – 11,250

          Central share – 33,750

          In addition to this, Govt.of Tamilnadu grand Top of IAY Roofing cost Rs.55,000/- per house.



·         Government of  India considered the need for a mechanism to respond to such requests and decided to have a scheme to meet the felt needs of the people.

·         On 23rd December 1993 Prime minister announced in the Parliament the Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS).

·         The Guidelines were issued in February 1994 and the subject relating to the MPLADS was transferred to the Ministry of Statistics and programme Implementation in October 1994.

·         In 1993-94 when the scheme was launched an amount of Rs.5.00 lakh per Member of Parliament was allotted which became Rupees one crore per annuam from 1994-95 per MP constituency. This was stepped up to Rs.2.00 crore from 1998-99 and Rs.5.00 crore

·         Features:Lok Sabha Members can recommend works for their respective constituencies. Elected Members of Rajya Sabha can also recommend works for implementation in one or more districts as they may choose in the State of their election. Nominated Members of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha can recommended works for implementation in one or more districts anywhere in the country.

·         All works to meet the locally felt community infrastructure and development needs with emphasis on the creation of durable assets in the respective constituency are permissible under MPLADS except those prohibited.

·         MPs may choose some works for creation of durable assets of national priorities namely drinking water, education, public health, sanitation and roads under the scheme.

·         Development of Areas inhabited by Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes: The MPs are to recommend every year such works costing at least 15% of MPLADS fund for areas inhabited by Scheduled Caste population and 7.5% for areas inhabited by Scheduled Tribe population.

·         Implementing Agency: The District Authority shall identify the agency through which a particular work recommended by the MP should be executed. The executing agency so identified by the District Authority is the implementing agency.

·         Implementation: On receipt of the recommendation of the works from the MP and issue of the work sanction order by the District Authority to implementing agency.

·         Fund Release and Management: The annual entitlement of Rs.5.00 crore will be released in two equal installments of Rs.2.50 crore each by Government of India directly to the district authority.

·         The second installment of the MPLADS funds will be released subject to the fulfillment of Audit report & U.C of the previous year.




The Government of India has passed the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act – 2005 on September 2005. The Scheme is implemented throughout India.

This scheme was started in Kanniyakumari District from 01.04.2008 as a III phase in Tamilnadu.


The following works are implemented in this scheme.

1.    Formation of new ponds.

2.    Deepening of Ponds, Ooranies, Temple tanks

3.    Desilting of Tanks.

4.    Deepening and Strengthening of channel bonds and supply channels

5.    Formation of new roads.

6.    Harvesting structures.

7.    Preservation of Soil conservation works and

8.    Creation of rural connectivities.

    N.B:  The Scheme   is extended to implement in Private Land of SC/ST and  Small/Marginal Farmers.


General Informations

·         Total Number of Village Panchayats                        -         95

·         Total Rural Population 2011 census                         -        326616

·         Total Number of Families                                        -        168996

·         Total Number of families register

                  under MGNREGS                                           -        98308

·         Total Number of persons registered for

                                     MGNREGS                                 -        139272

·         Number of Job Cards issued                                    -        139272

·         SB Account opened                                                -        139272

·         Number of village panchayats where

        the MGNREGS works going on                                  -        95

·         Total number of Habitations in the panchayats           -        1156

·         Total number of Habitations where the workers

                                 Who are involved                              -        1156

·         Total number of Clusters                                          -        141

(Every Village Panchayat have been divided into clusters and works are implemented cluster wise)


From 01.04.2012, overall payment to the beneficiaries is made in their individual Bank Accounts directly through Bank in all Village Panchayats. No cash payment is made to the beneficiaries in this district. 

From 01.04.2013 onwards wages has been revised to  Rs.148/- (Rupees Hundred and Fourty Eight only).



Encouraged by the success of NGP, The  TSC is being renamed as “Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan” (NBA) to Accelerate sanitation coverage in rural areas so as to comprehensively cover the rural community through renewed strategies covering the entire community for saturated outcomes with a view to create Nirmal Gram Panchayats.

The Main objectives of the NBA are as under

 Bring about an improvement in the general quality of life in the rural areas.

 Accelerate Sanitation Coverage in rural areas to achieve the vision of Nirmal Bharat by 2022 with all Gram Panchayats in the country attaining Nirmal status.

    Motivate Communities and Panchayat Raj institutions promoting sustainable sanitation facilities through awareness creation and health education.

    To cover the remaining schools not cover under SSA and anganwadi centres in the rural areas with proper sanitation facilities and under take pro active promotion from hygiene education and sanitary habits among students.

      Develop community managed environmental sanitation systems focusing on solid & liquid waste management.

          The strategy is to transform rural India in to “Nirmal Bharat” by adopting the “Community led” and “People centered” strategies and community saturation approaches.

A ‘Demand driven approach’ is to be continue with emphasis on awareness creation and demand generation for Sanitary facilities in house, schools and for cleaner environment.

          Subsidy for Individual house hold latrine units has been replaced by incentive to the poorest of the poor households.

IEC Campaign involving panchayat Raj Institutions, Anganwadi workers, self help groups, NGO’s are also important components of the strategy.

              Convergence with MGNREGS shall also be imported to facilitate the rural house holds with fund availability for creating there own sanitation facilities.

             Kanniyakumari District has been implementing the TSC project since 2000-2001. Total allocation Rs.2124.05 lakhs. In which the share of Govt.of India 938.81 lakhs The Govt.of Tamilnadu in Rs.591.65 lakhs and the contribution of the beneficiaries in Rs.593.59 lakhs.  The IHHL constructed performance so far is 84822 and School toilets constructed 429, Anganwadi toilet constructed 384 and Sanitary complex constructed 21.


Nirmal Gram Puraskar Award.

            In Kanniyakumari District we have 95 village panchayats and 9 Block panchayats, out of which 87 village panchayats and 5 Block panchayats had been awarded the NGP in past four years. In 2004-05 Melpuram Block had been declared as the India’s first Nirmal Block Panchayat.

            The Awarded panchayats and Block panchayats have received the Award money Amount of Rs.368.50 lakhs and were fully utilized towards Sanitation facilities in concerned panchyats and Blocks.


                                                                STATE SCHEMES



          As per G.O. (Ms) No.46 Rural Development and Panchayat Raj (SGS1) Department  dated 17.08.2011, the State Government have introduced new mega housing scheme of construction of Solar Powered Green House. It has been named as “Chief Minister’s Solar Powered Green Housing Scheme” (CMSPGHS).  Under this scheme 3 lakh houses will be constructed in 5 years from 2011-12 to 2015-2016 in Tamilnadu.



     All the people living below poverty line in rural areas will be eligible.

    Each house will have an area of 300 sq.ft and will be constructed at an unit cost of Rs.1.80 lakh fully funded by the state government, @ Rs.1.50 lakh for construction and Rs.30000/- for solar powered lights.

     Beneficiary must have house site patta with title land.

     Every house will have a living room, bed room, kitchen, toilet and verandah apart from Rain Water Harvesting provision and will be provided with 5 solar powered lights.

     The Rural Development & Panchayat Raj Department will take up the construction of houses @ Rs.1.50 lakh and Tamilnadu Energy Development Agency (TEDA) will execute the solar lighting component @ Rs.30000/-.

     The green houses will be constructed either in situ (replacing his/her existing dwelling structure) or land owned by the beneficiaries elsewhere in the village panchayat.

     Beneficiary should not have any other concrete / pucca house elsewhere. 


          In 2011-12, 913 houses were allotted to Kanniyakumari District and all 913 houses construction have been completed and put into usage of beneficiaries. Solar lighting system is being installed by TEDA (Tamilnadu Energy Development Agency)





No.of houses

Amount in lakhs













The Government has introduced a flagship programme named as “Tamilnadu Village Habitations Improvement (THAI) Scheme” to overcome the disparities in development process and to ensure minimum basic infrastructure facilities to all habitations in G.O.Ms.No.100, Rural Development and Panchayat Raj (SGS-1) Department dated 02.12.2011. This scheme is implemented for 5 years on based manner.

          As per the instructions issued by the Government, survey team consisting of Dy.BDO, Union overseers and Panchayat Secretaries as official numbers and Panchayat President as elected representative have been formed to ascertain the present status on the availability of basic needs and to assess the habitation wise requirements.

          After the completion of habitation survey, the survey details are entered in online and the list of total requirement works of the habitation has been generated from online. Based on the requirement of works generated, the Administrative sanction was given as per the guidelines under THAI scheme.

          This 5 year scheme starts from 2011-2012 and will be implemented upto 2015-16 until all habitation are covered with minimum basic infrastructure facilities. During     2011-12 under the scheme 425 works were takenup in 19 village panchayats and 433 habitations. 


Sl. No.

Type of work

Taken up



Water Supply



Street light



CC Road



BT Road



Cremation shed / waiting shed




Pathway to burial Ground











          During the year 2012-13,  384 works have been taken up under THAI Scheme in 20 panchayats and 277 habitations.



Sl. No.

Type of work

Taken up



Water Supply




Street light




CC Road




BT Road




Cremation shed / waiting shed




Pathway to burial Ground












Upgradation of Road




          For implementation this scheme in the ensuing years,  Survey has been complete for in all the Pts. At first for 2013-14 survey has been completed in 197 habitations of 19 village panchayats in Kanniyakumari district. Works generator have been process for granting Administrative Sanction. 



Ø  Out of the allocation of Rs.2.00 crores under MLACDS and allocation of Rs.1.125 crore should be earmarked for ‘tied component’ which is to be mandatorily earmarked for priority works specified below. Out of the remaining ‘untied component’ of Rs.87.50 lakhs, the MLAs can choose any works of their choice not falling within the ‘negative list’.

Ø  Works to be taken up under tied component of Rs.1.125 crores: Infrastructure facilities to schools a sum of Rs.25.00 lakhs per MLA shall be earmarked under the tied component for provision of Infrastructure facilities like toilet facilities, watersupply etc., to schools.

Ø  Moreover, it has been estabilised that a large number of Anganwadi buildings, Noon Meal centers, Noon Meal kitchen sheds, to a large extent in urban areas and to lesser extent in rural areas are functioning in dilapidated buildings, Further each MLA should allot Rs.20 lakhs for construction of Anganwadi buildings, Noon Meal centers and Noon Meal kitchen sheds in rural as well as urban areas from MLACDS funds.

Ø  The MLAs should also allot Rs.5.00 lakhs each for aids & appliances for differently abled persons.

Ø  From the remaining amount of Rs.62.50 lakhs under Tied component, the MLA can choose one or more of the following works for any amount according to his choice, subject to the overall celling of Rs.62.50 lakhs.

Ø  Rural Areas:

1.    Installation of Solar lights.

2.    Upgradation of gravel/WBM roads to BT standard.

3.    Renewal of badly worn out BT roads (laying of BT layer only with filling up of potholes, if necessary)

4.    Laying of cement concrete roads.

5.    Provision of buildings and/or compounds walls for Government and local body hospitals, primary health centers, Government Veterinary hospitals and also for Govt.schools, Panchayat union schools, Adi Dravida schools, Kallar Reclamation schools, Government colleges and Govt.hostels.

6.    Provision of Infrastructural facilities to Government special schools for the disabled and Government Orphanages.

7.    Contn.of Bridges.

8.    Provision of additional Burial grounds/Cremation grounds to the village panchayats not having such facilits.

9.    Constn.of new houses as per IAY norms.

Ø  Urban Areas:

1.    Installation of Solar lights.

2.    Upgradation of gravel/WBM roads to BT standard.

3.    Renewal of badly worn out BT roads (laying of BT layer only with filling up of potholes, if necessary)

4.    Laying of cement concrete roads.

5.    Provision of buildings and/or compounds walls for Government and local body hospitals, primary health centers, Government Veterinary hospitals and also for Govt.schools, Panchayat union schools, Adi Dravida schools, Kallar Reclamation schools, Government colleges and Govt.hostels.

6.    Provision of Infrastructural facilities to Government special schools for the disabled and Government Orphanages.

7.    Constn.of Bridges.

8.    Provision of Infrastructure facilities to burial ground/cremation gounds.

9.    Provision of CC pavements. with storm water drains, if so required.

10. Formation of new public parks.

11. Constn.of public Toilets.

12. Purchase of jetrodding machines and hydraulically operated sewerage machines.

Ø  Works to be taken up under Untied component of Rs.87.50 lakhs. Any work not falling within the following.

Ø  Constn.of office and residential buildings belonging to central and state Governments, including public sector undertakings, cooperatives and societies.

Ø  All renovation maintenance and repair works.

Ø  Purchase of all moveable items, equipments and furniture.

Ø  Any work in Government aided and self financing schools and colleges.

Ø  Assets for individual/family benefits.

Ø  All works involving commercial estabilishment/units.

Ø  Grants and loans, contribution to any Central and state / UT relief funds.

Ø  All revenue and recurring expenditure.

Ø  Desilting of ponds, Ooranies, rivers, tanks, canals, channels and the like.

Ø  An overall allocation of 21% of the total allocation under MLACDS should be there for predominantly inhabited by SC/ST persons in rural and persons living in slums in urban areas.




Ø  Selection of Schools: This basic aim of the scheme is to provide all basic infrastructure facilities like new buildings for the school, new/repair and renovation of kitchen sheds, toilets and water supply facilities in the panchayat union primary and middle schools in rural areas. This scheme will be implemented in those panchayat union schools located in the village panchayats selected under THAI scheme.

Ø  Type of infrastructure facilities and other works: The following four types of infrastructure facilities and other works shall be taken up under the schme.

Ø  New building for the school, Kitchen shed, Water supply facilities, Toilets




Page Last Updated On: 08 May, 2017

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